Nutrients: Its 2 types, Function in Growth and Sources

Nutrients… Its 2 types, Function in Growth and Sources

Nutrients... Its 2 types, Function in Growth and Sources


Nutrients are natural substances that are essential body need. There is an adequate amount of nutrients required by every body in order to grow and reproduce efficiently. They are direct source of energy and growth. Whenever due to any injury body tissues are destroyed, nutrients play a significant role in repairing these tissues. Similarly, nutrients also protect you from diseases and illnesses .The amount of nutrients should neither be over nor be lesser. It should be exactly as much required by our body. By taking and adequate amount of nutrients the body would become more healthy and energetic.

Types of Nutrients

There are two types of nutrients :

  1. Macro-Nutrients These nutrients are required in substantial amount by the body. Macro nutrients includes fats, carbohydrates and proteins.
  2. Micro-Nutrients These nutrients are required in minor amount by the body. Micro nutrients include vitamins and minerals.

Function of Nutrients

  • They are origin of providing energy to the body
  • Nutrients are useful in restoring and repairing damaged body tissues
  • They assist in maintaining a stable environment inside the body, despite change in the external surroundings.
  • They also keep you away from diseases which make your health disturbed.
  • They also play a vital role in structuring the overall body structure.


Important Nutrients and its sources


Carbohydrates are macronutrients which contain sugar, starch and fiber. They are important source of calories. They are found in fresh fruits, green vegetables and grains. They are important in maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

Below are highly enriched sources of carbohydrates:

  • Rice
  • Oats
  • Grains
  • Apple
  • Banana
  • Dates


Fats are macronutrients which are also highly important. They are also main source of calories. They are oily organically. Fats are considered as fuel source of energy. There are saturated as well as unsaturated fats.

Below are highly enriched sources of fats:

  • Almond
  • Avocado
  • Dark Chocolate
  • Butter
  • Oil

Proteins are also macronutrients which are made up of amino acids. They also play a crucial role in repairing of damaged tissues. They are known as building blocks of life. They occur naturally. They are required in large amount by our body.

Below are highly enriched sources of Proteins:

  • Milk
  • Fish
  • Yogurt
  • Beef
  • Chicken


Vitamins are micro nutrients that are required by body for smooth metabolic processes. The lack of vitamins is cause of various common diseases such as night blindness and rickets. Important vitamins are Vitamin A,C,D,E and K

Below are highly enriched sources of Vitamins:

  • Vitamin A : Carrots, Milk, Sweet Potato, Eggs and Mango
  • Vitamin C : Grapefruits, Oranges, lemon and Strawberries
  • Vitamin D : Eggs, Mushrooms, Tuna and Cheese
  • Vitamin E : Pumpkins and Cashew Nuts
  • Vitamin K : Blueberries, Lettuce and Soya been.

Minerals are micro nutrients that are required by human body to work smoothly. They are required in very little amount but are highly significant. Minerals are crucial for making your bones stronger, and preparation of red blood cells. They also help in healing wounds and injuries.

Below are the important minerals and its major sources

  • Calcium: Cheese and Almonds
  • Zinc : Oysters and Lobsters
  • Iron: Spinach and Dried Apricots
  • Magnesium : Avocado and Black Beans


Every nutrient whether required in huge amount or in small amount is significant equally. Therefore, we must design our diet in such a way that it must include all the nutrients which are carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals.. This is essential for the development of healthy lifestyle. It is also seen by the medical experts that almost all of the health issues we are facing today are due to unbalanced diet and lack of proper nutritious diet. Therefore, we must regularly intake nutrients.

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